At the end of the 19th century began new art movements such as cubism, futurism, dadaism and surrealism. At the same time photography was invented.
Avante Garde / Dynamism
- Born in France, american sculpture and painter
- Explored surrealism, dadaism
- Painter and poet
- Explored futurism
In early 20th century, cinema was a new phenomenon for artists
Why were they artists interested in this art movements?
- Capturing movement in a new way.
- It was the similar attitudes of people in early cinema; breaking away from the traditional arts and starting something new.
- Born in Frankfort; Germany
- Lichtspiel Opus 1 was thought to be the first screening of abstract animation – Showing movement and contains abstracts of colour and shape (Looking like brushstrokes)
- Leonard Adelt comments his work as “seeing rhythm.”
Opus 1 by Walter Ruttmann
- focused on dadaism
- His influences were opposites, exploring expressions
- Used a ruler and a compass and shot work in the mirror
Diagonale Symphonie by Viking Eggeling
- Born in Berlin
- Explored cubism & dadaism
- Rhythm 21 looked at shapes and timings where it increases speed
- The animation has cubist elements and is regarded as “Fourth Dimensional” by Theo Van Doesburg due to the depth it creates
Rhythm 21 by Hans Richter
- Has had a work span of over 30 years and commercial success with Studies 5 & 12
- Due to living in Germany during World War II, abstract had to be renamed decorative due to Hitler’s demands.
- Worked with Disney in ‘Fantasia’ however his experimentation style wasn’t appreciated by the company.
Studies 5 by Oskar Fischinger
Studies 12 by Oskar Fischinger
Komposition in Blau by Oskar Fischinger
Transformation through experimental and modern techniques.
- Born in New Zealand
- Colourbox made in England uses camera less film and involves drawing and painting straight on the film.
- Trade Tattoos contained a discard documentary with stencils over the top.
- Contained rhythm and jump cuts
Trade Tattoo by Len Lye