Today we got a lecture from Yuan on Chinese and Japanese Animation. Below are my notes on from the two lectures.
First Golden Era 1957-1977
- Not meant for commercial and was kept traditional
Chinese School of Animation
- “A group of painters, writers, poets, etc. whose work is similar.”
- Chinese animated films consistently won international awards Most critics claim this success rests their concentration on their heritage and tradition
- These films are said to belong to a recognizable school, called the Chinese school of animation.
Directed his second animation feature.
Expressed the style of traditional Chinese art
Based on a classic novel, Journey to the West.
Havoc in Heaven by Wan Leming
- His first ink wash animation
- Had international success winning awards in various countries
Classical Chinese Painting
- Music of gong & drums
- Stylised movement and poses
Second Golden Era 1977-2000
- Served in Shanghai Animation film studio 1978-1986 for seventeen years
- Comes from a Chinese proverb: “One monk shoulders water to drink; two monks carry water and there is no water to drink for three monks”
- Three Monks has received most international awards in Chinese animation history.
Super Soap & The New Doorbell
- During A Da’s last period he directed two animations; Super Soap & The New Doorbell
- They became less traditional with slightly westernised philosophy
- They narrate more modern subjects involving wider topics
- The new doorbells reflects a time in the second era. Westernised modern art; Piet Mondrian
Three Monks by A Da
Super Soap by A Da
The New Doorbell by A Da
Important figures in Japanese Animation
- Toei company 1948
- The White Snake 1958
- Osamu Tezuka
Created the first animated TV series called Tetsuma Atom (Astro Boy)
Astro Boy by Osamu Tezuka
- Toei Company was established, along with others
- A new Animation technique was developed – Full animation turned to limited animation.
- TV Animated series became very popular
- Figures arose such as Hayao Miyazki, Isao Takahata who founded Studio Ghibli
- Animated film studio based in Japan, Tokyo in 1985
- The word Ghibli coming from the Italian noun with the idea that studio would “blow a new wind through the anime industry”
- Walt Disney bough over the rights to their works distributing internationally
- In 2001 the museum was created in Tokyo
- Is a director, animator, manga artist, producer
- Co-founded Studio Ghibli
- In 2013 , Hayao retired from the company.
My Neighbour Totoro
- Worked in Toei Animation Company between 1959 to 1971
- Co- Founded Studio Ghibli
The Tale of Princess Kaguya by Isao Takahata
Themes/ characteristics of Japanese animation
- Dying/ Death
- Spirits – Ghosts & Monsters
- Pathos things – heavy handed