Disney Animation

Today Helen Haswell came in to teach us on the history of Disney and Pixar animation. Here are my notes from the lecture.

Mainstream animation companies:

  • Disney
  • Dreamworks
  • Blue Skies

Disney (2014) $48 Billion company

It’s made up of:

  • 3 music companies
  • Merchandise
  • TV channels
  • theatre companies
  • Lucas Film (Bought in 2012)
  • Marvel (Bought in 2009)
  • Pixar (Bought in 2006, both Pixar & Disney were run by the the same two people)

Only 13% of the company is studio entertainment

Walt Disney- Pioneers of 2D Animation
First Experimentation

  • Alice’s Wonderland 1923
  • Alice Comedy Series 1924-1927
  • Oswald the Lucky Rabbit 1927
    – Couldn’t go independent
  • Steamboat Willie 1928
    – Plasmatic
    -The creation of Mickey Mouse
    -First synchronised sound cartoon
    -We see Minnie Mouse
  • Snow White & The Seven Dwarves 1937
    -Highest grossing film till 1939
    -The start of using traditional fairy tales
    -Production started in 1934

Steamboat Willie

The Classic Era 1937-1988

  • Snow White
  • Pinocchio
  • Dumbo
  • Bambi
  • Fantasia
  • Saludos Amigos
  • The Three Caballeros
  • Make Mine Music
  • Fun & Fancy Free
  • Melody Time
  • Cinderella

Fantasia 1940

Becomes less of a fairytale > 2D cell animation. The company has shown industrial growth.

Renaissance Era 1989-1999

  • The Little Mermaid
  • The Rescuers Down Under
  • Beauty And The Beast
    – Hand drawn characters, CGI background
    -Mimmicks dance
    – A turning point sweeping camera
  • Aladdin
  • The Lion King
  • Pocahontas
  • Hunchback of Notra Dame
  • Hercules
  • Mulan
  • Tarzan

Beauty & The Beast – Tale As Old As Time

Neo Disney Period 1999-2004
-A period of experimentation and failure

  • Fantasia 2000
  • The Emperors New Groove
  • Atlantis
  • Lilo & Stitch
  • Treasure Planet
  • Brother Bear
  • Home On The Range
    –  This one especially didn’t do well

Home On The Range

Pixar was proving to be more successful than Disney with their use of CGI. Disney tried to recreate this and again it was not successful (Meet The Robinsons, Chicken Little)

Post Pixar 2008 –

  • Bolt
    -Initially called American Dog
  • Princess And The Frog
    -Returned to hand drawn characters
    -Diverse characters
  • Tangled
  • Wreck It Ralph
  • Frozen
  • Big Hero 6

The Princess & The Frog – At The Ball

Disney was progressively getting better. The Disney Princess Franchise began with characters based in aesthetic and were quite passive. They were considered not proactive and waited for prince charming to come.

It wasn’t until the Post Pixar period than the female protagonist becomes more independent, feminism is a growing theme.

Pixar

  • was Lucas Film, Then Steve Jobs took over it , the Disney took over it
  • Had developed CGI
  • John Lassiter
  • Toy story 1995 > The Good Dinosaur 2015

Pixar Short Films 1984-1989

  • The Adventures of Andre & Wally B
  • Luxo Jr
  •  Red’s Dream
  • Tin Toy
  • Knick Knack

Tin Toy

Pixar Short Films 1998-2009

  • Geri’s Game
  • For The Birds
  • Presto
  • One Man Bond
  • Lifted Partly Cloudy
  • Boundin

Presto

Boundin

Better CGI, this was the research and development period

Pixar Short Films 2010-Present

  • Day And Night
  • The Blue Umbrella
  • La Luna
    -Texture comes into play
  • Lava

La Luna

Landmark developments for Pixar

  • A Bugs Life -Crowds
  • Monster’s Inc -Fur
  • Cars-Reflective Surfaces
  • The Incredibles-Human Protagonists
25th-timelines
Source

 

 

 

 

 

 

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